The FBG system facilitates creativity by providing a framework for composition. Grid systems create visual rhythm and structural balance to enhance the experience with predictable patterns.
FBG is defaulted to a minimal 3-column folding grid, which is easy to work with and divided into equal portions, 31.333% wide with 2% wide gutters between columns. This is a starting point, not a standard, so we encourage you to change the columns as your project requires.
The typography of FBG is designed to establish a typographic hierarchy that improves readability and creates harmony within the text. Measure, leading, vertical rhythm, emphasis and scale are something we obsess about.
The primary font is Georgia, but the font stack can be easily changed. Paragraphs are set at a 16px base with 150% (24px) line height to improve readability and improve the appearance of text. We encourage you to change the base font size and line height to suit your needs.
The FBG is designed for mobile first. CSS styles are scaled up from the minimum instead of scaled down from the maximum through the use of media queries. IE6/7/8 do not support media queries, so Respond.js is used to polyfill.
Common Break Points
- 320 px — Mobile portrait
- 480 px — Mobile landscape
- 600 px — Small tablet
- 768 px — Tablet portrait
- 1024 px — Tablet landscape/Netbook
- 1280 px & greater — Desktop
Reset vs. Normalize? Most web designers use either the Eric Meyer Reset or the YUI Reset, but a reset doesn't fix cross-browser inconsistencies or preserve useful defaults. Normalizing CSS allows for the preservation of useful defaults, while correcting bugs, fixing common browser inconsistencies and improving usability. Many thanks to Nicolas Gallagher and Jonathan Neal for researching the differences between default browser styles in order to precisely target only the styles that need normalizing.
The file structure for FBG is straight-forward and contains only the minimum files to get started.
- style.css: Base styles of FBG for layout, grid, type and media queries
- jQuery 1.6.2: High-speed load of the latest minimized verson of jQuery from Google CDN
- HTML5 shiv: HTML5 IE enabling script and print protector from Google CDN
- Respond.js v1.0.1: Lightweight polyfill for CSS3 Media Queries (for IE 6/7/8)
- grid_bg.gif: Repeating background for vertical rhythm testing purposes
- index.html: Base HTML page that includes only necessary minimal markup
- favicon.ico: Standard 16x16 favicon
- apple-touch-icon (x3): Maximum touch-icon support. Sizes for iPhone 3, iPad and iPhone 4 retina
- robots.txt: SEO, search-crawler file
The code for FBG is simple, lightweight, and non-obtrusive, which allows it to be easily modified for each project. The default is based on a 3-column folding layout. 1 column for mobile devices, 2 columns for tablets and 3 columns for desktops and beyond. The only necessary provision is to add either
class="g3" to each
<div> you would like to make a column.
<div> <div class="g2"> ... </div> <div class="g3"> ... </div> <div class="g1"> ... </div> </div>
The FBG download is an 18kb zip file containing the base framework to get started on any web project. View Project on Github
Feedback, questions or thoughts about FBG? Email us and we will get back to you as soon as possible.
This site, its code, design and FBG are released into public domain and are free to use under Unlicense.
Browser & Device Support
The FBG System is cross-browser compatible and device independent: Firefox 3.5+, Opera 11+, Chrome 11+, Safari 5+ and Internet Explorer 6+.
- v1.0.0 (09/22/2011): Initial release of FBG.
- v1.0.1 (10/09/2011): Shifted grid_bg to align with text baseline.
- v1.0.1 (10/09/2011): Adjusted text size for screen size over 1400px.
Other acknowledgement, credit, ideas and inspiration for the Fluid Baseline Grid system include:
- HTML & CSS
- HTML5 IE Enabling Script
- CSS Reset
- Sub-Pixel Problems in CSS
- 8 Simple Ways to Improve Typography In Your Designs
- The Elements of Typographic Style Applied to the Web
- More Meaningful Typography
- Modular Scale
- Text size in ems
- Unitless line-heights
- Compose to a Vertical Rhythm
- Setting Type on the Web to a Baseline Grid
- CSS with vertical rhythm
- Baseline Rhythm Calculator
- Cross-browser kerning-pairs & ligatures
- Use the Best Available Ampersand
- Fluid Grids
- 960 Grid System
- Fluid Grid Calculator
- Variable Grid System
- Responsive Design
- Responsive Web Design
- Mobile First
- Fluid Images
- Maximum touch-icon support
- Mobile Viewport
- Asynchronous Google Analytics snippet
- Micro Clearfix hack
- Best Practices for Speeding Up Your Web Site